Gestures are reflections
of every speaker's individual personality. What's right for one speaker may
not be right for another; however, the following six rules apply to anyone who
seeks to become a dynamic effective speaker.
1. Respond naturally
to what you think, feel, and see - It's natural for you to gesture, and
it's unnatural for you not to. If you inhibit your impulse to gesture, you will
probably become tense.
2. Create the condition
for gesturing, not the gesture - When you speak, you should be totally involved
in communicating-not thinking about your hands. Your gestures should be motivated
by the content of your presentation.
3. Suit the action to
the word and the occasion - Your visual and verbal messages must function
as partners in communicating the same thought or feeling. Every gesture you
make should be purposeful and reflective of your words so the audience will
note only the effect, not the gesture itself. Don't overdo the gesturing. You'll
draw the listener away from your message. Young audiences are usually attracted
to a speaker who uses vigorous gestures, but older, more conservative groups
may feel irritated or threatened by a speaker whose physical actions are overwhelming.
4. Make your gestures
convincing - Your gestures should be lively and distinct if they are to
convey the intended impressions. Effective gestures are vigorous enough to be
convincing yet slow enough and broad enough to be clearly visible without being
5. Make your gestures
smooth and well timed - Every gesture has three parts:
- The Approach
- Your body begins to move in anticipation.
- The Stroke
- The gesture itself.
- The Return -
This brings your body back to a balanced posture.
The flow of a gesture -
the approach, the stroke, the return-must be smoothly executed so that only
the stroke is evident to the audience. While it is advisable to practice gesturing,
don't try to memorize your every move. This makes your gesturing stilted and
ineffective. The last rule is perhaps the most important but also the hardest.
6. Make natural, spontaneous
gesturing a habit - The first step in becoming adept at gesturing is to
determine what, if anything, you are doing now. The best way to discover this
is to videotape yourself. The camcorder is completely truthful and unforgiving.
If you want to become a better speaker, you need to make the camcorder your
Videotape yourself and identify
your bad habits, then work at eliminating them, one at a time. You will need
to continue to record yourself and evaluate your progress if you expect to eliminate
all your distracting mannerisms.
To improve gestures, practice
- but never during a speech. Practice gesturing while speaking informally to
friends, family member, and coworkers.