The most difficult and also the most important
part of making a presentation is actually getting started.
Your first step is to collect and read as much information as possible
about your subject. Take notes.
The next step involves selecting the information and deciding how much
of it you will present. To accomplish this, you need to know how long
your talk will be. Naturally, the amount of material you will discuss
in an hour differs from the amount you will handle in a full-day presentation;
however, the format or structure should be the same in both cases.
Deciding on the format is your next step. It is at this point that you
need to decide how and in what sequence you will present the material
you have chosen.
Other matters to consider are:
- What visuals will I use?
- Where will I stand when I speak?
- How can I present the material clearly
and in an interesting fashion?
When asked to speak in public, the first things some people think about
are: "What am I going to where?", "Will there be a lot
of people there?" "What if I mess up?"
These are all important questions, but they represent just a small part
of what needs to be taken into consideration when preparing a presentation.
Quality Speech Material
We often ask ourselves, "What if my speech is not good enough?"
If we construct our speeches with care and properly prepare and practice,
our speech material will always be good.
Don't be afraid to take risks and present new material. Remember, practice
Speech Preparation as a Process
Genuine speech preparation means digging something out of yourself.
You need to both gather facts and arrange your thoughts. It is not enough
to simply collect ideas. You must also nurture them and reflect on how
to present them and reflect on how to present them in a unique, organized
A speech needs time to grow. Prepare for weeks. Sleep on your topic,
dream about it and let your ideas sink into your subconscious. Ask yourself
questions. Write down your thoughts. Keep adding new ideas.
Once you've determined your purpose for delivering this speech, state
the purpose in a sentence and focus your speech around that purpose.
Ask yourself, "How does this purpose relate to the audience?"
Let your purpose drive your speech
Try to come up with a good title, too. Aim not only to inform your listeners,
but also persuade them.
As you prepare each presentation, you should develop a simple and orderly
outline. You will need to decide the sequence you will follow from these
- Problem and solution
- Contrast and comparison
In developing the sequence of your presentation,
mind-mapping or webbing techniques can be very useful. Remember to decide,
too, on the transitions between sections and examples you will use.
Real-life anecdotes can be particularly effective.
The use of personal stories always works best for my audiences. Most
professional speakers always use personal stories and quite often it
is a personal story that becomes their "signature" story.
To be successful it is extremely important to start gathering information
as soon as possible. Many people ask me, "Lenny, how far in advance
should I begin preparing for my speech?" I always tell them, "Your
should begin preparing your speech the moment they ask you to speak!"
The sooner you begin the more time you will have to practice your speech.
I'd like to leave you with one of my favorite Mark Twain stories. As
many of your may or may not know, Mark Twain was a great speaker. In
fact, Mark Twain is one of the earliest known professional speakers
and when asked one day if he could prepare a speech for an upcoming
engagement, he responded ,"If you want me to speak for an hour,
I am ready today." "If you want me to speak for just a few
minutes, it will take me a few weeks to prepare."
As with most speakers, it usually takes more time to prepare a short
version of a speech than a longer one. When you prepare your next speech,
try preparing two. - one that will run approximately one hour and one
that will only run 10 minutes. You will find that Mark Twain was right.
" In either case, you must gather your facts and decide on what
is most important.